A country should try to produce all the food for its population and import as little food as possible. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Хотя на 7+ достаточно написать one-sided opinion, я тренируюсь писать balanced opinion essay на IELTS как более сложную версию:

Шаг 1: после перефразированная формулируем наше мнение + 2 аргумента почему:

It is sometimes believed that a country should manufacture a sufficient amount of food products to cover the needs of its population to minimize imports in this industry. I believe that, from an economic perspective, independence in this regard is likely to ensure food security as well as encourage the agricultural industry to flourish in the long run.


Шаг 2: поясняем первый аргумент + пример для подкрепления вашей позиции

Although importing some products may cost less than producing them locally, self-sufficiency in terms of the food supply is part and parcel of national food security inasmuch as this policy prevents a country’s dependence on foreign suppliers. It is for this reason that such reliance might sometimes result in food shortages caused by business and politics related issues, often leading to an increase in price. To illustrate, Russia is the primary importer of Turkish tomatoes, experienced a sharp deficit of this product due to negotiation difficulties with the Turkish exporting company.


Шаг 3: поясняем второй аргумент +пример для подкрепления вашей позиции:

Yet another point is that the policy of import substitution is part and parcel of flourishing agricultural sector since it is by far more advantageous to invest in the national food industry rather than support foreign suppliers. Hence, were it not for minimizing reliance on foreign suppliers, the local food industry’s development would be heavily curbed by multinational food giants such as Nestle or Unilever companies. Thus, underinvestment in national food production may limit a country from providing the population with food, therefore plowing money in this industry is essential. Notwithstanding, maintaining international trade might be justified in case of possible crop failure when even a thriving agricultural industry can be brought to the brink.


Шаг 4: дублируем мнение в заключении + суммируем оба аргумента:

In conclusion, to protect both national food security and a flourishing agricultural sector I am strongly convinced that decreasing the reliance on imported foods ought to be a priority for a country’s food policy.